Ǩǡ
Space Exploration Time Line
.. 1981 - 2000


.. 1957 - 1962 | .. 1963 - 1980 | .. 1981 - 2000 | .. 2001 - Ѩغѹ | ͹Ҥ
10 áԪԵǡ | Ẻͧдɢͧ Ǵ ҹǡ











STS-1 Mission Patch

12 ¹ 2524 (12 April 1981)

ǡ (Space Shuttle)
First Shuttle Orbiter "Columbia" Launched - û¡ǡá ()

ǡ "" (Columbia) 觶֧ٹǡ๴ (Kennedy Space Center) ѹ 25 չҤ 1979 зҹ鹿ѹ 12 ¹ 1981 çѺäúͺ 20 ͧþԪԵǡȢͧ " ҡԹ" ҹ ١ 2

ҹŹ (Challenger) ١ѧ KSC ͹áҤ 1982, ҹʤѿ (Discovery) ͹Ȩԡ¹ 1983, ҹ͵Ź (Atlantis) ͹¹ 1985

Links :


LANDSAT-5

Ź᫷ 5 (Landsat 5)

: 1 չҤ 2527 (1 March 1984)
Ǵ : McDonald Douglas Delta 392 ҡ ҹѾҡ Vandenberg, California
˹ѡҹ : 2,000 š
ǧ⤨ : ѹѺǧҷԵ ҹš
٧ͧǧ⤨ : 705
§ǧ⤨ : 98.2 ͧ
Һ⤨ : 99 ҷ
ӹǹͺ⤨ 1 ѹ : 14.5 ͺ
ѹաūӷ : 16 ѹ
ҧǺѹ֡Ҿ : 185
ҡ⤨üҹٹٵ : 9:30 AM
áԨ : ǨѾҡ (Remote Sensing)
˹§ҹѺԴͺ :
ءҹ͡Ẻ : 5

Ź᫷ 5 繴ǨѾҡøҵԢͧԡ ѧöҹ騹֧Ѩغѹ

Ź᫷ 5 ͹ѺŹ᫷ ءС ١ҧἹ繴ͧҹ

ػóҾ 2 Multispectral Scanner : MSS ´Ҿ 80 Thematic Mapper : TM ´Ҿ 30

Links :





Giotto


û¨Ǵ Giotto

Giotto
ҾҴͧ͵ǡ

2 áҤ 2528 (2 July 1985)

͵ (Giotto)
First Spacecraft to Provide Pictures of a Cometary Nucleus - ҹǡáѹ֡Ҿ᡹ҧ
First Spacecraft Do a Close Flyby of Two Comets - ҹǡá͹ҹҧ 2 ǧ
First Spacecraft to be Re-activated from Hibernation Mode - ҹǡá١ءҨҡШ

͵繴ͧͧǡû ¨Ǵ Ariane 1 ҡҹ Kourou 㹻Ƚ ѵػʧѡ㹡Ǩҧ Halley

ѹ 13 չҤ 1986 ͵Ҷ֧ǧâͧҧ Halley µҧҡҧ 500

͵ҹǡáͧšԹҧҧ 2 ǧ Halley Grigg-Skjellerup

ҾҴͧ͵ǡ

Links :


Space Shuttle Challenger


ԴͧǡȪŹ


١ͧ͢ŹªԵ


͹ͧ ѧش

28 Ҥ 2529 (28 January 1986)

غѵ˵ءǡȪŹԴ (Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster)
First Space Shuttle Disaster - ¹Фáͧçáǡ

ǡȢͧԡáʾغѵ˵Դ ѧҡҹ͡ҡ Kennedy Space Center ѡԹǡȷ 7 ªԵ

ѡԹǡȷ 7 Francis R. Scobee, Gregory Jarvis, Christa McAuliffe, Ronald McNair, Ellison Onizuka, Judith Resnik, Michael Smith

Links :


SPOT 1

Ǵ Ariane 1
22 Ҿѹ 2529 (22 February 1986)

ʻ͵ 1 (SPOT-1)

觴ǨѾҡøҵ SPOT 1 ¨Ǵ Ariane-1 ⤨ѹѺǧҷԵẺ Polar Orbit

Links :


MOS 1A MOS 1B
2530 2533 (1987 1990)

1A 1B (MOS 1A and 1B)
First Japanese Remote Sensing Satellites - ǨѾҡôǧáͧ

MOS 1A 1B 繴ǨѾҡøҵͧǧá ͧͧþѲǡ觪ҵԭ ѵػʧ㹡õǨѴʹط, سԼ˹ҹӷ, ҳ͹㹺ҡ, ҳÿŴ㹹ӷ, Ҵӿ ֧ תѹ캹

MOS 繤ͨҡ Marine Observation Satellite ա˹ Momo 1A 1B Momo "Peach Blossom"

MOS 1A չ˹ѡ 745 . ١觢ѹ 19 Ҿѹ 1987 MOS 1B ˹ѡ 740 . ١ѲҢ鹨ҡ 1A ж١觢ѹ 7 Ҿѹ 1990

Links :



28 ѹҤ 2531 (28 December 1988)

1 (IRS-1A)
First Indian Remote Sensing Satellites - ǨѾҡôǧáͧԹ

Links :


Galileo


ԧǴ


Mission Patch


Galileo Orbiter


Galileo Probe


Galileo
18 Ҥ 2532 (18 October 1989)

(Galileo)
First (and only) Spacecraft to Orbit Jupiter - ҹǡá()⤨ͺǾʺ
First Spacecraft to Launch First Probe into Jupiter's Atmosphere - ҹǡáҹǨ(á)ѧ鹺ҡȢͧǾʺ
First Spacecraft to Discover Ateroid's Moon - ҹǡá辺ǧѹͧءҺҵ
First Spacecraft to Discover Ammonia Clouds in Jupiter - ҹǡá辺㹺ҡȢͧǾʺ

ҹǡȷ觢ǡ¡ǡ ͵Ź ж١ǨǾ 繴˭شк¨ѡ ǧ⤨ͺǾ ѹ 7 ѹҤ 1995

Сͺ Galileo Orbiter Galileo Probe

Links :


SPOT 2, 4, 5
22 Ҥ 2533 (22 January 1990)

ʻ͵ 2 (SPOT 2)

觴ǨѾҡøҵ SPOT 2 ¨Ǵ Ariane-40 H10 ⤨ѹѺǧҷԵẺ Polar Orbit

Links :





24 ¹ 2533 (24 April 1990)

Ѻ ໫ ⤻ (Hubble Space Telescope - HST)
First Space-based Opticl Telescope - ͧ÷ȹǡкͿԡá

Links :





6 Ҥ 2533 (6 October 1990)

ԫ (Ulysses)

ҹǡ͡ǨǧҷԵ 繤ҧ NASA ESA

ҹ͹ҹǾʺش ͹Ҿѹ 1992 409,000 . мҹա ͹Ҿѹ 2004 240,000,000 .

Links :







4 ¹ 2534 (4 April 1991)

ѹ ͻҷ (Compton Gamma Ray Observatory)
First Space-based Gamma Ray Telescope - ͧ÷ȹѧҵáǡ

Links :





30 ԧҤ 2534 (30 August 1991)

(Yohkoh)
First X-ray Astronomical Telescope - ͧ÷ȹѧ͡áǡ

Links :




ERS-1 (Earth Resource Satellite)
17 áҤ 2534 (17 July 1991)

1 (ERS-1)
First European Space Agency Remote Sensing Satellite - ǨѾҡôǧáͧͧǡû

Ѳͧǡû դسѵԾ㹡úѹ֡Ẻ Active Sensor ôöҾ ͡

Links :


JERS (Japan Earth Resource Satellite)
11 Ҿѹ 2535 (11 February 1992)

1 (JERS 1)

ǨѾҡö٧ ͧͧþѲǡ觪ҵԭ ػóѹ֡Ҿ

JERS 觢ǧ⤨¨Ǵ H-1 Tanegashima Space Center JERS չ˹ѡ 1,400 š ⤨٧ҡš 570

Links :


SPOT 3
26 ѹ¹ 2536 (28 September 1993)

ʻ͵ 3 (SPOT 3)

觴ǨѾҡøҵ SPOT 3 ¨Ǵ Ariane-40 H10 ⤨ѹѺǧҷԵẺ Polar Orbit

Links :


RadarSat 1
4 Ҿѹ 2538 (4 February 1995)

ô᫷ 1 (RadarSat 1)
First Canadian Commercial Remote Sensing Satellite - ǨѾҡԧҳԪǧá᤹ͧҴ

ǨѾҡкô ᤹ͧҴ ǧ⤨ѹѺǧҷԵ (Sun Synchronous) ٧¨ҡš 798 Ҿк Active 蹤ҹǿ öҾ

Links :


SOHO
2 ѹҤ 2538 (2 December 1995)

(SOHO)
First Three-axi-stabilized Spacecraft to Use Reaction Wheels - ҹǡáͤ㹡ûѺŷ 3 ᡹

SOHO 繤ͧ͢ The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory

çҧ European Space Agency (ESA) NASA ֡ҴǧҷԵ dz㨡ҧ ֧ ù ʹ (solar wind)

SOHO ١¢ǧ⤨ NASA ¨Ǵ Atlas II-AS ҡҹ

SOHO ⤨ͺǧҷԵ ͹仾 Ѻš ¡⤨ҧ ͺ First Lagrangian Point (L1) 繨شç֧ٴͧǧҷԵš ֧ SOHO ҧǧҷԵš ʹ ش L1 ҧšҳ 1.5 ҹ ͻҳ 4 ҢͧзҧͧǧѹѺš

Links :


IRS-1C
28 ѹҤ 2538 (28 December 1995)

1 (IRS-1C)

ǨѾҡâͧԹ ػóѺ к Panchromatic, LISS-III WiFS

IRS-1C ˹ѡ 1250 š ⤨÷٧ 817 աͧ Panchromatic 5.8 ͧ Multispectral 23.5

Links :


ADEOS/RIS
17 ԧҤ 2539 (17 August 1996)

Ҵ (ADEOS)

ǨѾҡâͧ (NASDA)

ADEOS Ҩҡ ADvanced Earth Observing Satellite/Reflector In Space ػóǨѴ radiomter, ozone mapping spectrometer

ADEOS 1 ա˹ MIDORI

Links :


IRS-1D

Ǵ IRS-1D
29 ѹ¹ 2540 (29 September 1997)

1 (IRS-1D)

ǨѾҡøҵԢͧԹ ػóѺ к Panchromatic, LISS-III WiFS

Links :






15 Ҥ 2540 (15 October 1997)

ʫԹ-ࡹ (Cassini-Huygens)
Spacecraft to Discover 3 New Moons of Saturn in 2004 - ҹǡȷ鹾ǧѹա 3 ǧ ͧ㹻 2004

Թҧҹ Ǿʺ, ء, ǧѹͧ ⤨ͺ

Թҧҹǧѹش ѹ 18 ԧҤ 1999 03:28 UTC 377,000 . кѹ֡Ҿǧѹ

ԹҧҹǾʺش ѹ 30 ѹҤ 2000 10,000 .

Թҧҹǧѹ Phoebe ѹ 11 Զع¹ 2004

ǧ⤨âͧ ѹ 1 áҤ 2004

Թҧҹǧѹ䷷ѹش ѹ 2 áҤ 2004

Ŵҹ Huygens ѹ 25 ѹҤ 2004 ҹ Huygens ҡȢͧǧѹ䷷ѹ ѹ 14 Ҥ 2005

Links :






ISS Insignia
2541 (1998)

ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ (International Space Station)
First Spacecraft Can be Seen from Earth with the Naked Eye - ҹǡáöͧ繨ҡšµ
Largest International Space Program - çǡȹҹҪҵԷ˭ش

ISS ҧ ǧ⤨ ͻ 1998 çä ҧ˹§ҹǡȵҧ ԡ (NASA), (RKA), (JAXA), ᤹Ҵ (CSA) 㹷ջûա 11 (ESA)

ʶҹǡȹҹҪҵ çǡȹҹҪҵԷ˭ش ҳ٧ش ѺѺ͹ҡش㹻ѵʵͧҵ ʶҹǡ 觡ҧ˭شͧҵԷԴ駺鹼š öµҨҡš

ʶҹ ⤨ͺšǧ⤨õ (LEO - Low Earth Orbit) 15.77 ͺѹ ٧ҳ 350 (217 ) ¤ 27,700 õͪ (17,210 /.) йѺçõͧͧçǡç ç 2 ͧ, çʶҹǡȿմ ͧѰԡ, çʢͧû çä ͧ

Links :







7 Ҥ 2541 (7 January 1998)

ٹ ྤ (Lunar Prospector)
First Spacecraft to Produce Global Measurement of Gamma-ray Spectra from the Lunar Surface - ҹǡȴǧáѴ໤ͧѧҢͧǴǧѹ駴ǧ

ԡҹ Lunar Prospector ҡ KSC ¨Ǵ Athena

Links :


SPOT 4
24 չҤ 2541 (24 March 1998)

ʻ͵ 4 (SPOT 4)

觴ǨѾҡøҵ SPOT 4 Kourou ¨Ǵ Ariane ⤨ѹѺǧҷԵẺ Polar Orbit § 98 ͧҷдѺ٧ҳ 830 . 101 ҷյ͡⤨ 1 ͺ դ㹡öҾ 26 ѹ

Links :




TRACE

ǹСͺͧ TRACE
2 ¹ 2541 (2 April 1998)

ë (TRACE)

ԡ觴 TRACE ҡҹԧ Vandenberg ¨Ǵ Pegasus ѵػʧ֡ҴǧҷԵ

TRACE Ҩҡ Transition Region and Coronal Explorer

Links :


䷾Ѳ
áҤ 2541 (July 1998)

䷾Ѳ (Thaipath)
First Thai Experimental Satellite - ֡Ԩ´ǧáͧ

䷾Ѳ ա˹¡ TMSAT Դ鹨ҡ ҧ Է (University of Surrey) ѧ Ѻ Է෤ҹ ѷ ǹपѹ Թʵ ӡѴ (٤) çö·ʹ෤ա͡Ẻҧзͺ Ҵ աŧ ѹ 28 Ȩԡ¹ 2538 (28 November 1995)

䷾Ѳ Ҵ (Micro Satellite) Ҵ 35 x 35 x 60 ૹ ˹ѡҳ 50 š СͺǹӤѭ ἧẺ 乴 4 ش شҹԷѤ 1 ش

⤨ͺš ǧ⤨õ (LEO - Low Earth Orbit) ٧¨ҡš 815 ˹- ⤨ͺ 101.2 ҷ ⤨ͺšѹ 14.2 Ф駢ͧ⤨ мҹǧ͹͡任ҳ 25 ͧ

Links :
"䷾Ѳ" · web Ѵ͹Ź 11 ԧҤ 2548
Է෤ҹ
Է (University of Surrey)
UCOM








Mars Climate Orbiter

ͺԷ (Mars Climate Orbiter)

: 11 ѹҤ 2541 (11 December 1998) 18:45:51 UT (1:45:51 p.m. EST)
ǧ⤨ͺѧж١ : 23 ѹ¹ 2542 (23 September 1999) 09:01 UT (5:01 a.m. EDT)
Ǵ : Delta 7425 ҡ ҹ ѰԴ Ѱԡ
áԨ : ҹ⤨ͺѧ
Ңͧç : NASA

Mars Climate Orbiter Mars Surveyor '98 Orbiter ҹǡ˹ͧ ç Mars Surveyor '98 ҹա˹ Mars Polar Lander Mars Surveyor '98 Lander

MCO èǧ⤨ͺѧ÷٧ 140-150 ͧҡкӷҧԴԴҴ ҹ֧鹺ҡ ٧ 57 ж١㹪鹺ҡȨҡ´ ԴҴ Դͧҡѷ Lockheed Martin 繺ѷѺҧҹͧ NASA кѧ (pound-force, lbf) 㹡äӹdz ᷹кԡ (ǵѹ, N) (1 lbf = 4.45 ǵѹ »ҳ)

Links :






Mars Polar Lander

Ź (Mars Polar Lander)

: 3 Ҥ 2542 (3 January 1999) 20:21:10 UTC
Ǵ : Delta II 7425 Space Launch Complex 17, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station
˹ѡҹ : 290 š
áԨ : Lander Impactor ͧѧ
Ңͧç : NASA/JPL

Mars Polar Lander Mars Surveyor '98 Lander ҹǡ˹ͧ ç Mars Surveyor '98 ҹա˹ Mars Climate Orbiter Mars Surveyor '98 Orbiter

Mars Polar Lander 觵ѧ Mars Climate Orbiter 23 ѹ

ػóѡ Сͺ deep space probe 2 , MVACS, MARDI LIDAR

ҹ MPL ҡȢͧѧ ѹ 3 ѹҤ ..2542 (..1999) ТҴõԴԧҺ˵ ҴͧҡԴҴͧͿкء͹ͧáҧҹ 繡ŧʹ鹼 ҹԴͧ¹ŧʹ зѧ٧ҡ 40

ѹ 25 Ҥ ..2551 (..2008) ҹչԡ (Phoenix) ʺ㹡ŧʹѧ ҹ Դػóҧ鹷Դ MPL

Links :


Ҿҹ Stardust ͹




Stardust


ػó纽蹢ͧ Stardust Сͺ¡͹


Ҿ᤻ Stardust 鹴Թ ѧѺš

7 Ҿѹ 2542 (7 February 1999)

ʵʷ (Stardust) First Sample Return Mission to Collect Cosmic Dust - ҹǡȴǧá纽蹤Ԥ觵ҧѺѧš
Fastest Re-entry Speed into Earth's Atmosphere Ever Achieved by a Man-made Object - ҹǡȷѺš¤٧ش

NASA Stardust ¨Ǵŵ 2 ҹ Դ 纽ǡ н蹢ͧҧŴ 2 (Wild 2) 觢仾Ѻ˹ҹ 觶١ѡŧêԻ 2 㹨ӹǹ դ¨ӹǹ 200

Stardust Թҧҹǡзҧ 3 ѹҹ (5x109 km) СѺѧšѹ 15 Ҥ 2549 ᤻źèصҧ蹷

᤻ Stardust 觡Ѻš鹷ҧͺҺ ¤ 12.9 /Թҷ (28,900 /.) Դ١俢Ҵ˭⫹Ԥ ҡҧѹͧѰٷ ֧ҧѹͧ͡ѰҴ

ѹ 3 Զع¹ 2550 ա͹ѵç÷ 2 纵ҧҡҧ 1 (Tempel 1)

᤻ Stardust ػó纽͡纵ҧ

Links :




LandSat 7


LandSat 7 Mission Patch

Ź᫷ 7 (LandSat 7)

: 15 ¹ 2542 (15 April 1999) 18:32:00 UTC
Ǵ : Delta II 7920 ҡ Space Launch Complex 2W, Vandenberg Air Force Base
˹ѡҹ : 1,973 š
ǧ⤨ : ѹѺǧҷԵ Ẻš
٧ͧǧ⤨ : 705
§ǧ⤨ : 98.2 ͧ
Һ⤨ : 16 ѹ (232 ǧ⤨)
ҧǺѹ֡Ҿ : 185
ҡ⤨üҹٹٵ : 10:00 AM +/- 15 minutes
áԨ : ǨѾҡ (Remote Sensing)
˹§ҹѺԴͺ : NASA U.S.G.S.
ءҹ͡Ẻ : 5

Landsat 7 öѹ֡Ҿ/ҾѺѧʶҹѺ 532 Ҿѹ ػóѡ Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus : ETM+

úѹ֡Ҿ

  • Ҿ panchromatic ´ 15
  • Ҿ thermal infrared ´Ҿ 60

ѹ 31 Ҥ ..2546 (..2003) ػó ETM+ Landsat 7 öѹ֡Ҿѡɳл


Ҿռ稢ͧ Washington DC

Links :





23 áҤ 2542 (23 July 1999)

ѹ ͡ ͻҷ (Chandra X-ray Observatory - CXO)
First Space-based X-Ray Telescope - ͧ÷ȹǡк͡á

Links :




IKONOS-2
24 ѹ¹ 2542 (24 September 1999)

⤹ 1,2 (IKONOS-1,2)
First High-resolution Commercial Imaging Satellite - ´٧ԧҳԪǧáͧš

- ( ) ԧҳԪͧѰԡ ºѷ Space Imaging ١觢ǧ⤨¨Ǵ Athena ҹ Vandenberg

öҾ- (panchromatic) ´٧ 1 Ҿԧ (multispectral : blue, green, red, near infrared) ´ 4

IKONOS-1 ʾ㹡觢ǧ⤨ 㹻 1999 (2542) IKONOS-2 ҧἹ㹻 2000 (2543) ֧١¹ IKONOS 觢ǧ⤨᷹ ѹ 24 ѹ¹ 1999 (2542)

١͡Ẻءҹ 7 չ˹ѡ͹觢ǧ⤨ 726 š

Links :


EOS TERRA
(EOS AM 1)
18 ѹҤ 2542 (18 December 1999)

(EOS TERRA)

繴ǨѾҡâͧԡ 繴ǧ˹㹪ش¡ EOS - Earth Observing System 觢ǧ⤨ Ǵ Atlas-2AS ҡ Vandenberg Air Force Base ǧ⤨ѹѺǧҷԵ (Sun Synchronous)

TERRA ػó 5 Ǵ¡ѹ ASTER, CERES, MISR, MODIS, MOPITT

Links :


Space Plane X-33 X-34
2542 (1999)

ͧԹǡ ͡ 33,34 (Space Plane X-33 and X-34)

NASA 鷴ͧԹ Space Plane X-33 X-34 繤á Ƿ㹡úԹҳ Mach 8 (ǡҤ§ 8 ) X-43 觤㹡úԹҳ Mach 10 ͧԹͧҹǡȷöԹҧǡ ͹ԹҧͧԹš

Links :


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